Masdevallia wendlandiana is named for a German orchid collector and found at low elevations in much of South America. A WARM TO HOT GROWER (did you catch that?), this ultra mini will fit in any collection. Pair it up with Masdevallia minuta to have fraternal twins. The plants are easy to grow, absolutely adorable, and the flowers are small and beautiful: white with purple-red throat and yellow caudae. And there are lots of them!
Masdevallia is a New World genus named for Dr. Jose Masdeval, a Spanish botanist in the time of Charles III, and comprised of about 600 miniature to medium sized epiphytic or lithophytic species from Mexico to the southern Andes. Like their close relative the draculas (for example Dracula benedictii), masdevallias have creeping rhizomes and an inflorescence that arises from an annulus, but it’s the structure of the flower that really stands out. The sepals are fused into a tube, of sorts, and the petals stand out in various triangular arrangements. Colors range from white to yellow to brilliant reds and purples. It is hard to pick favorites.
Being mostly from montane cloud forest, Masdevallia is generally considered a cool grower; however, there are species that grow naturally in intermediate and even warm conditions, like Masdevallia rex, M. ayabacana, M. discoidea, and M. bennettii. In my experience, most (if not all) can tolerate temperatures in the 80’s and even 90’s if they are kept in the shade, and they grow well in pots with sphagnum or small bark mix (I favor moss). They like low light, high humidity and watering throughout the year but be careful not to overwater. I grow mine in net or closed pots with sphagnum moss, and I keep them in intermediate (when it’s cooler) to low (when it’s warmer) light.